Friday, September 12, 2014

10 out of 100: 14 year old mausmi sets herself on fire as her parents couldn't afford pencils and copy (Episode 415 on Sep 13th 2014)

10 out of 100
सौ में से दस

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (English: The Education for All Movement), is an Indian Government programme aimed at the universalisation of elementary education "in a time bound manner", as mandated by the 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory education to children of ages 6–14 (estimated to be 205 million in number in 2001) a fundamental right. The programme was pioneered by former prime minister Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

As an intervention programme, SSA has been operational since 2000-2001. However, its roots go back to 1993-1994, when the District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) was launched, with the aim of achieving the objective of universal primary education. DPEP, over several phases, covered 272 districts in 18 states of the country. The expenditure on the programme was shared by the Central Government (85%) and the State Governments. The Central share was funded by a number of external agencies, including the World Bank, DFID and UNICEF. By 2001, more than US$1500 million had been committed to the programme, and 50 million children covered in its ambit. In an impact assessment of Phase I of DPEP, the authors concluded that its net impact on minority children was impressive, while there was little evidence of any impact on the enrolment of girls. Nevertheless, they concluded that the investment in DPEP was not a waste, because it introduced a new approach to primary school interventions in India.

The Right to Education Act (RTE) came into force on 1 April 2010. Some educationists and policy makers believe that, with the passing of this act, SSA has acquired the necessary legal force for its implementation.

But in real, things are totally different what were implemented because these programs and plan are afterall run by common people. Government particularly recruits people for these schemes who has responsibility to run the plans successfully. Its their responsibility to arrange the scheme sothat thing could reach to the people who really needs it. After doing so many things, there are ten out hundred people are able to take its advantage.


Ten year old Mausmi is eldest among her two younger brothers. His father is a daily wage earner and does carpenter related works. He is the only earner in the family and mother is a home maker. Mausmi studies in a government school under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, where she studies for free and also get scholarship time by time.

A day his father meets with an accident. Doctor declares that right side of his entire body has become paralyzed. He gets free treatment in the hospital but after his relieving from hospital Mausmi's mother takes responsibility of doing some work to take care of him. She starts working in few homes as maid.

The family now has economic crisis. Mausmi even does not have money to buy one new pencil and notebook which she really wants. She hardly wants ten rupees for this but neither her father, nor her mother has this very small amount. As per their economic condition ten rupee is a big amount for them. She is using her last year's pencil and copy for school works. She asks his school admin about her scholarship but he every time tells her that school's few people are working on this issue and he can not give it until he gets it from block level office. She asks admin many times but every time she get same response from him. Mausami is worrying on his family condition. One hand his father is paralyzed and one the other hand her mother is trying hard to get some money for them.

Mausmi also teaches her brothers daily. One day again they comes to study but Mausmi allows them to go back and play. After her brothers left, Mausmi closes doors of the home and sets herself on fire...

"सर्व शिक्षा अभियान. प्रारंभिक शिक्षा के लिए सरकार द्वारा व्यापक पैमाने पर चलाया जाने वाला प्रमुख कार्यक्रम है. इस 2000-2001 में स्टेट गवर्नमेंट एंड लोकल सेल्फ गवर्नमेंट से साथ में मिल कर शुरू किया. 2010 में राईट टू एजुकेशन एक्ट के लागू होने के बाद से ही सर्व शिक्षा अभियान को पूरी कानूनी देख-रेख मिली ताकि सर्व शिक्षा अभियान को बुनियादी तौर पर कार्यान्वित किया जा सके."

"बुनियादी तौर पर ज़्यादातर जगहों पर ये चीज़े बिलकुल अलग हैं क्युकी ये सारी योजनायें और प्रोग्राम आखिर में लोगों द्वारा ही चलाये जाते हैं, ऐसे लोग जो ख़ास तौर पर इन योजनाओं के लिए ही नियुक्त किये गए हैं. जिनपर इन कार्यक्रमों को चलने की ज़िम्मेदारी होती है. ये उनका दायित्व है की ये सारी योजनाए उन लोगों तक पहुचे जिनको इनकी ज़रुरत है. लेकिन इतना कुछ करने के बाद भी जो सेवाएँ इन लोगों तक पहुचती हैं उसका आंकड़ा है सौ में से सिर्फ दस (10 out of 100)."

गाँव सोरभूमि, ओडिशा
मौसमी एक 10 साल की बच्ची है जिसके दो छोटे भाई है. मौसमी सर्व शिक्षा अभियान के तहत एक स्कूल में पढाई करती है जिसमे उसे फीस नहीं देनी होती है और समय समय पर छात्रवृत्ती या वजीफा भी मिलता है. उसके पिता कारपेंटर के तौर पर एक दिहाड़ी मजदूर हैं.​​​ उनकी रोज़ की कमाई पर ही घर का खर्चा निर्भर करता है.​ मौसमी की माँ सारे घर की देखभाल करती है.

एक ​दिन अचानक एक दुर्घटना में मौसमी के पिता के शरीर का दांयाँ हिस्से को लकवा मार जाता है. उनका इलाज एक सरकारी अस्पताल में निःशुल्क होता है मगर अस्पताल से छुट्टी होने के बाद महंगी दवाइयों का खर्चा उठाने के लिए मौसमी की माँ घरों में काम करना शुरू करती है जिससे उसको महीने के तौर पर कुछ रुपये मिल जाते हैं.

उनका परिवार एक बहुत बुरे दौर से गुज़र रहा है, यहाँ तक की मौसमी के पास नै कॉपी और पेंसिल भी नहीं है जिसकी उसे बहुत ज़रुरत है और वो पिछले साल की कॉपी पेंसिल से ही काम चला रही है. वो अपने स्कूल के एडमिन से अपने वजीफे के बारे में बार बार पूछती है मगर वो हर बार यही जवाब देते हैं की उसका एक आदमी वजीफे का पता लगाने जाता है मगर कुछ पता नहीं चल रहा है​. मौसमी अपने घर की हालत देख कर बहुत परेशान है. एक तरफ उसके पिता की दावा का खर्चा और दूसरी तरफ उसकी माँ दिन रात काम कर रही है.

एक ​दोपहर मौसमी रोज़ की तरह अपने भाइयों को पढ़ाने के लिए ​बुलाती है मगर फिर उन्दोनो को बोल देती है की वापस जाओ और खेलो. उसके जाने के बाद मौसमी घर के दरवाज़े बंद करती है और खुद को आग लगा लेती है.



Here is the inside story of the case:

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